Standards

UNE-EN 420:2004

UNE-EN 420:2010

General requirements

UNE-EN 388:2004

UNE-EN 388:2004

Mechanical risk

UNE-EN 374:2004

UNE-EN 374:2004

Chemical risk

UNE-EN 374:2004

UNE-EN 374:2004

Chemical risk

UNE-EN 374:2004

UNE-EN 374:2004

Chemical risk

UNE-EN 407:2005

UNE-EN 407:2005

Thermal risk

UNE-EN 60903:2005

UNE-EN 60903:2005

Electrical risk

UNE-EN 381-7:2000

UNE-EN 381-7:2000

Chainsaw risk

UNE-EN 511:2006

UNE-EN 511:2006

Resistance to cold

UNE-EN 659:2004

UNE-EN 659:2004

Fire-fighting gloves

UNE-EN 421:1995

UNE-EN 421:1995

Radiation

UNE-EN 421:1995

UNE-EN 421:1995

Radiation

UNE-EN 16350

UNE-EN 16350:2014

Static electricity

UNE-EN 1082-1/2:1997

UNE-EN 1082-1/2:1997

Cut and puncture

UNE-EN 12477:2005

UNE-EN 12477:2005

Protection for welders

UNE-EN 13594:2002

UNE-EN 13594:2015

Gloves for motorbikers 

UNE-EN ISO 10819:1996

UNE-EN ISO 10819:1996

Mechanical vibration and shock

UNE-EN ISO 13997:1999

UNE-EN ISO 13997:1999

Resistance to cutting by sharp objects

UNE-EN ISO 13688:2013

UNE-EN ISO 13688:2013

Protective clothing

UNE-EN 11611:2008

UNE-EN 11611:2008

Protective clothing for use in welding and allied processes

UNE-EN 420:2004UNE-EN 420:2010

EN 420:2010 is a reference Standard to be used with specific regulations for protection gloves. This means that this standard is not to be applied independently or by itself to certify protection gloves.

The standard defines construction and design requirements for gloves, standardizing resistance to water penetration, harmlessness, (pH and Chrome VI content), comfort and efficiency, labelling and information supplied by the manufacturer. It also applies to gloves and arm protectors permanently joined to hermetic suits.

UNE-EN 420. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
Hand size Glove size
SizesDiameter mmLength mmMinimum glove length
6 152 160 220
7 178 171 230
8 203 182 240
9 229 192 250
10 254 204 260
11 279 215 270

Each protection glove is to be labelled, supplying the following information:

  • Name, brand or means of identifying manufacturer or authorized representative.
  • Glove model or name (trade name or code, for users to identify the product with range by manufacturer or authorized representative).
  • Size.
  • If required, indicate valid period of time for use (use before xx-xx).
  • Whenever the glove complies with one or more European standards, the respective pictographs. Each pictograph needs to be accompanied by the standard reference and performance levels, to be mentioned always in the right sequence as defined by standard.

UNE-EN 388:2004UNE-EN 388:2004

EN 388:2003 applies to all protection glove types conceived to protect against mechanical risks including abrasion, blade cuts, punctures, and tears. These are Category 2 gloves. The standard may also be applied to arm protectors other than clothing or glove.

Properties and performance of gloves protecting against abrasion, blade cuts, tears and punctures are classified in accordance to minimum requirements for each level, as shown in the chart below.

UNE-EN 388. MECHANICAL RISKS
Minimum performance levels 1 2 3 4 5
A Resistance against abrasion (cycles) 100 500 2000 8000 -
B Resistance against blade cuts (index) 1,2 2,5 5 10 20
C Resistance against tear (newtons) 10 25 50 75 -
D Resistance against puncture (newtons) 20 60 100 150 -

UNE-EN 374:2004UNE-EN 374:2004

This Standard defines requirements for gloves conceived to protect users against chemical products and/or micro-organisms. The Standard does not specify requirements for mechanical protection levels. All gloves are Category 3.

If the glove complies with standards defined by tests of EN 374-2 and EN 374-3, then it must be labelled with the following pictographUNE-EN 374:2004 Otherwise, it will carry this pictograph UNE-EN 374:2004UNE-EN 374:2004

UNE-EN 374 1.2
BIOLOGICAL RISKS (MICROORGANISMS)
Penetration Resistance level
(AQL)
Pass levelAcceptable QualityInspection level
Level 3 <0,65 G1
Level 2 <1,5 G1
Level 1 <4,0 S4
UNE-EN 374 1.2.3
CHEMICAL RISK
Permeability resistance levels*
Average time of penetration (min)Penetration levels
>10 1
>30 2
>60 3
>120 4
>240 5
>480 6
* Time required for chemical product to penetrate glove.

UNE-EN 407:2005UNE-EN 407:2005

UNE-EN 407 specifies testing methods, general requirements, thermal protection performance levels and labelling for gloves protecting against heat and / or fire. It is mandatory for all gloves protecting hands from heat and/or flames, in one of more of the following ways: fire, contact heat, convection heat, radiating heat, molten metal minor or major spills.

It is to be born in mind that tests will only determine performance – and not protection – levels. If gloves re designed to bear temperatures below 100°C, they will be Category 2. If they bear temperatures over 100°C, they will be Category 3.

UNE-EN 407. THERMAL, HEAT AND FLAME RISK
Performance Level   1 2 3 4
A Flammability Post flame ignition ≤20" ≤10" ≤3" ≤2"
Post incandescence Sin requis. ≤120" ≤25" ≤5"
B Contact heat 15 seconds at 100°C 250°C 350°C 500°C
C Convection heat Heat transmission (HIT) ≥4" ≥7" ≥10" ≥18"
D Radiating heat Heat transmission (t3) ≥7" ≥20" ≥50" ≥95"
E Molten metal minor spills Number of drops it takes to reach temperature of 40°C ≥10" ≥15" ≥25" ≥35"
F Large mass of molten Grams of molten metal it takes to cause 30 60 120 200

UNE-EN 60903:2005UNE-EN 60903:2005

Gloves and mittens of insulating material are classified by their class and special properties, as indicated in the following tables. All gloves are category 3.

UNE-EN 60903. ELECTRICAL RISK
Class Working voltage (kV) Low withstand voltage (kV) Test voltage (kV)
00 0,5 5 2,5
0 1 10 5
1 7,5 20 10
2 17 30 20
3 26,5 40 30
4 36 50 40
UNE-EN 60903. ELECTRICAL RISK
Classification by special properties
CategoryResistance
A Acid
H Oil
Z Ozone
M Mechanics
R Acid, Oil, Ozone, Mechanics (highest)
C At very low temperatures

UNE-EN 381-7:2000UNE-EN 381-7:2000

Gloves designed to protect against risks that may arise from the use of chain saws hand (chainsaws). Currently, all chainsaws are designed for right-handed users and therefore all the designs and requirements of protective clothing are designed assuming use with the right hand. The protection may not be suitable for use with the left hand. They are PPE category 2.
There is no personal protective equipment that can ensure a 100% protection against cutting with chain saws hand. However, it is possible to design personal protective equipment that offer a degree of protection, using different functional principles, among which include:

  • Chain movement: contact with the string, it does not cut the material.
  • Entrapment: the chain pulls the fibers of the material until the drive sprocket and block the movement of the chain.
  • Braking chain: material fibers have a high shear strength and absorb the rotational energy, thereby slowing the speed of the chain.

    Generally you can apply more than one principle.

UNE-EN 381-7 defines two designs of gloves, A and B, according to the different areas protective covering. Accordingly, we will:

UNE-EN 381.7. CUTTING CHAIN RISKS
Chain speed
Class 0* 16 m/s
Class 1 20 m/s
Class 2 24 m/s
Class 3 28 m/s
UNE-EN 381.7. CUTTING CHAIN RISKS
Minimum levels of protection against mechanical risks (EN 388)
Abrasion  2
Blade cuts  1
Tear  2
Puncture  2

UNE-EN 511:2006UNE-EN 511:2006

UNE-EN 511 defines requirements and testing methods for gloves protecting against convection or conduction cold up to – 50°C. Cold may be caused by weather conditions or industrial activity. Specific values for the different performance levels are defined in accordance to hazard type or application area.

WARNING: These products are tested to determine performance (not protection) levels. These gloves are Category 2 Personal Protection Equipment items. There are Category 3 gloves, though not covered by this standard.

Gloves need to comply at least with requirements of level 1 for resistance against abrasion and tear as per UNE-EN 388.

UNE-EN 511. EXTREME COLD RISKS
Performance level 1 2 3 4
A Resistance against convection cold Thermal insulation (ITR) in m2 °C/W ≥0,10 ≥0,15 ≥0,22 ≥0,30
B Resistance against contact cold Thermal resistance (R) in m2 °C/W ≥0,025 ≥0,050 ≥0,100 ≥0,150
C Waterproofability Level 1: waterproof for at least 30 minutes        

UNE-EN 659:2004UNE-EN 659:2004

Special gloves for firefighters’ use, allowing them to work for long periods of time under hazardous and dangerous conditions. However, it is not possible to relate lab performance levels to actual protection levels.

These gloves are not designed to be used when deliberately handling chemical fluids, but will nevertheless protect against accidental contact with chemicals.

Protection gloves for special firefighting operations are excluded from application field defined by EN 659.

Firefighters’ gloves are Category 3 Personal Protection Equipment items.

UNE-EN 659. FIREFIGHTERS’ GLOVES
Minimum Length of glove (EN 388)
SizeMinimum length (cm)
6 26
7 27
8 28
9 29
10 30,5
11 31,5
UNE-EN 659. FIREFIGHTERS’ GLOVES
Protection Levels
UNE-EN 388UNE-EN 407
Abrasion 3 Flames 4
Cuts 2 Convection heat 3
Tear 3 Contact heat *
Puncture 3 Radiation heat **

* Contact temperature 250 °C. Threshold time at least, 10 s

** In accordance to EN ISO 6942

UNE-EN 421:1995UNE-EN 421:1995

UNE-EN 421 specifies requirements and test methods for gloves that protect against ionizing radiation and radioactive contamination. The standard applies to gloves to protect the hand and various parts of the arm and shoulder. It also applies to gloves permanently mounted containment housing. They are PPE Category 3.

UNE-EN 16350UNE-EN 16350:2014

Electrostatic clothes are designed on the one hand in order to protect the user and the other, with the function of protecting products. The human body is a producer that can damage microparticle products with high added value and in turn is conductive, ie, it has a low resistivity, by conduction or induction if isolated ground. This can cause spark discharges and direct harm to workers.
None of these rules is applicable against electrical voltages. These garments are Category 2.

UNE-EN 1082-1/2:1997UNE-EN 1082-1/2:1997

Metal mesh gloves and arm guards, plastic or metal, which offer some protection against punctures, are used in those types of work in which a knife is moving the hand and arm of a user especially when you are working with butcher knives in hand, in meat processing industries, fish or seafood, in large catering establishments and boning of meat, game and poultry.

They can also respond adequately to those working with hand knives in the plastics industry, leather, textiles and paper, when placed soil protection or similar tasks. They are PPE category 2

UNE-EN 12477:2005UNE-EN 12477:2005

Protective gloves for welders protect hands and wrists during welding processes and related tasks.

Protective gloves for welders protect against small droplets of molten metal, short-term exposure to limited flame, convective heat, contact heat and UV radiation from the arc. They also offer protection against mechanical stresses.

    • Protective gloves for welders are classified into two types:

  • Less coordination (with other enhanced properties)
  • Greater coordination (with other handicapped properties)

Gloves are category 2.

UNE-EN 13594:2002UNE-EN 13594:2015

Gloves for motorbikers are designed to protect against weather conditions while maintaining user’s dexterity and ability to manage switches and controls. In addition, these gloves will protect hands and wrists against mechanical risk in the event of an accident.

Most frequent motorcycle accidents will involve collision, against other vehicles, pavement or elements like posts, etc.

These gloves are Category 2.

UNE-EN ISO 10819:1996UNE-EN ISO 10819:1996

This European standard has been developed in response to the growing demand to protect people from the risk of damage from vibrations caused by exposure to hand-arm vibration.

This European standard specifies a method of measuring laboratory, data analysis and reporting of the vibration transmissibility of gloves in terms of transmission of vibration from a handle to the palm in the frequency range 31.5 Hz to 1250 Hz. the measure does not include the vibration transmitted to the fingers.

Gloves are category 2.

UNE-EN ISO 13997:1999UNE-EN ISO 13997:1999

Protective clothing. Mechanical properties. Determination of resistance to cutting by sharp objects.

This International Standard specifies a test method and associated cutting calculations, used with the constituent materials of the protective clothing. The test determines the resistance to cutting by sharp, such as knives, sheet metal edges, burrs, glass, tools and sharp objects foundries. This test provides no information on the resistance to penetration by sharp objects, such as needles and pointed objects. This test is not considered suitable for materials made of mesh or metal plates. The text of this International Standard does not include any provision for safety.

Although textiles, composites, leather, rubber and reinforced materials can resist cutting by sharp objects in many different ways, it is necessary to have a method for evaluating the shear strength of the constituent materials of protective clothing as applicable all materials. The test described in this standard is a method to calculate the downward force (perpendicular) required for a blade moving along the sample, a fixed distance, cut the same. The performance of materials protective clothing can be classified according to the numerical values ​​obtained with this assay.

REQUIREMENTS

This International Standard describes a test method for materials and products. When cited as a method of testing a product standard or materials, the latter must contain all information necessary to enable the implementation of the ISO 13997 standard to the product in question. The rule refers to the ISO 13997 standard must contain at least the following information:
a) a normative reference to ISO 13997
b) a description of the test samples, the process for their preparation and, if necessary, pretreatment, and the size and orientation of samples obtained from samples
c) details on the procedure of fixing and stretching the specimens
d) number of tests to be performed
e) details of any deviation from the method described in ISO 13997
f) details of the model and content of the test report
g) the performance requirements for the product and the "level" associated. The services required must be given as the minimum cutting force

TEST METHOD

Principle of the method
The shear strength of a material corresponds to its ability to resist cutting produced by a blade. This is measured by an apparatus in which a blade moves through the specimen. The cuts are made by displacement, from 3 mm to 50 mm, a blade to which a specified range of forces are applied perpendicular to the surface of the specimen sense. The shear strength of a sample of the material is expressed as the shear force required for standard one blade, cut just the material in a distance of 20 mm. The value of the cutting force can be used to classify materials. It can be used any device that is capable of maintaining a constant force between the cutting edge of the knife and the specimen and to measure accurately the distance traveled by the blade, before it passes through the specimen. A team that meets these requirements is described in Annex B (informative).

ANNEX A (informative)

TEST SPECIFICATIONS FOR CUTTING
Introduction

The method specified in this International Standard can be used to test a large number of materials used in the manufacture of personal protective equipment. The test evaluates the resistance of a specimen to be cut by a blade moving on it with constant force. The test results are expressed as the force needed to be applied at the knife for cutting the cylinder with a displacement of 20 mm. The higher the required force, the higher the cut resistance.

The following table gives some typical results:

UNE-EN ISO 13997. Typical test results
MaterialSurface mass (g / m2)Cutting force (N)Typical application
Cotton 545 5,9 Working gloves
Latex 469 1,0 Surgical gloves
p-Aramid 688 11 Industrial gloves
Leather 754 2,3 Working gloves
PEHPM* reinforced 581 20,8 Gloves for food sectors
PEHPM* reinforced 853 31,9 Gloves for food sectors
Vinyl 590 3,5 Protective Clothing (liquid)
p-Aramid 1900 38,7 Mandil multilayer protection
* PEHPM: High molecular weight polyethylene

UNE-EN ISO 13997:1999EN 13688

Protective clothing

EN ISO 13688: 2013 describes general requirements for protective clothing such as ergonomics, size designation, marking and information to be provided by the manufacturers. This standard is used in combination with other content standards with specific protection. This standard replaces the UNE-EN 340.

DIMENSIONS OF THE BODY TO THE SIZE OF PROTECTIVE CLOTHING
PROTECTIVE CLOTHINGDIMENSIONS OF CONTROL
1 Jacket, coat, waistcoat Circumference of the chest or bust and height
2 Trousers Waist circumference and height
3 Boiler suits Circumference of the chest or bust and height
4 Apron Circumference of the chest or bust and height, waist circumference and height
5 protective equipment ( eg: Knee pads, back or body protectors) Select the relevant measurements:
  • Bust or bust, waist or height
  • Body weight
  • Distance waist to waist over shoulder.

UNE-EN 11611EN 11611

Protective clothing for welding and realted processes.

UNE-EN 11611: 2008 establishes minimum requirements and test methods for protective clothing, including hoods, aprons, sleeves and gaiters, designed to protect the user during welding and related processes.

SELECTION CRITERIA
TYPE OF CLOTHINGPROJECTENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
Class 1 Welding techniques and less hazardous conditions causing lower levels of spatter and radiant heat Operation of cutting machines and oxygen plasma, resistance welding, thermal spraying and welding bench
Clase 2 Welding techniques and more hazardous conditions causing higher levels of spatter and radiant heat Operation of machines in confined spaces. In welding / cutting forced indoors or in comparable positions